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Glossary of financial terms - Letter O

  • O/N

    Tags:  characteristics market transactions

    See  


  • OAT Future

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    See  


  • objectivity principle

    Tags:  accounting concept

    The objectivity principle is a GAAP constraint which states that the financial statements of a company provided by the accountants should be based on objective evidence.

     


  • Obligation Assimilable du Trésor (OAT)

    Tag:  bonds

    OAT are French government bonds issued with maturities between 7 and 50 years.

     


  • Obligations Assimilables du Trésor indexées sur l'inflation (OATi)

    Tags:  bonds financial instruments interest rate instruments

    OATi are French long-term government bonds indexed on the French inflation.

     


  • OC

    Tags:  concept securitisation

    See  


  • OEIC

    Tags:  asset management organisations or institutions

    See  


  • OFAC

    Tags:  organisations or institutions supervision and regulation

    Country:   United States of America

    See  


  • offer

    Tags:  financial instruments market quotation

    See  


  • offer price

    Tags:  financial instruments market quotation

    See  


  • Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

    Tags:  organisations or institutions supervision and regulation

    Country:   United States of America

    The Office of Foreign Assets Control is an agency within the US Treasury department which administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions in support of the United States' foreign policy and national security objectives.

     


  • OIS

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    See  


  • OMF

    Tags:  post-negotiation transaction settlement

    See  


  • ON

    Tags:  characteristics market transactions

    See  


  • on-the-run (OTR)

    Tags:  attributes bonds

    An on-the-run Treasury is the most recently issued and thus most liquid U.S. Treasury bond or note of a particular maturity.

     


  • open-ended investment corporation (OEIC)

    Tags:  asset management organisations or institutions

    Country:   United Kingdom

    An open-ended investment company is a type of company in the United Kingdom whose business is to invest funds it receives from the public for that purpose in a wide range of investments, such as equities, fixed-income or money market securities.

     


  • open interest

    Tags:  concept financial futures

    The total number of contracts not yet liquidated by offset or delivery for a given futures contract maturity, i.e. the number of contracts outstanding.

     


  • open outrcy

    Tags:  quoting or negotiation modes regulated markets

    Bids and offers made by voice in the trading rings or pits of an organised market.

     


  • open repo

    Tags:  financial instruments money market instruments

    A repo in which the term is not specified at the outset. An open repo agreement can be terminated at any time by either party giving notice.

     


  • operating cycle

    Tags:  financial analysis metric

    See  


  • operational risk

    Tag:  risk management

    Risk of a loss resulting from inadequate or failed internal processes, people and systems, or from external events.

     


  • option

    Tags:  financial instruments options

    A contract between two parties where the option writer (the option seller) grants the option holder (the option buyer) the right, but not the obligation, to buy (call option) or sell (put option) an underlying good at a specified price at a specified time.

     


  • optional matching field (OMF)

    Tags:  post-negotiation transaction settlement

    In T2S, optional matching fields are fields from a SWIFT message which are not required to be filled. If both parties fill them however, the values have to match.

     


  • option class

    Tags:  options typology

    An option class comprises all options of the same type, style and with the same underlying.

     


  • option class

    Tags:  options typology

    An option class regroups all options of the same type (calls or puts) having the same underlying instrument.

     


  • option pricing model

    Tags:  options valuation and pricing

    A mathematical model which calculates the theoretical value of an option (i.e. it’s premium).

     


  • option series

    Tags:  options typology

    An option series consists of all the options of a given

    with the same expiration date and strike price.

     


  • ordinary share

    Tags:  equities financial instruments

    An ordinary share is a security representing equity ownership in a corporation. It provides voting rights, and entitles the holder to a share of the company's profit through dividends and/or capital appreciation.

     


  • organised trading facility (OTF)

    Tags:  financial markets status

    An organised trading facility is a multilateral system that is not a RM or MTF. Within an OTF, multiple third-party buyers and sellers in bonds, structured finance products, emission allowances or derivatives are able to interact in a way that results in a contract. Equities are not allowed to be traded through an OTF.

     


  • origination

    Tags:  activities and occupations financial instruments

    The business of designing and issuing securities to fulfil a client’s debt capital market requirements.

     


  • OTC

    Tags:  market transactions typology

    See  


  • OTF

    Tags:  financial markets status

    Territory:   European Union

    See  


  • OTM

    Tags:  options valuation and pricing

    See  


  • OTR

    Tags:  attributes bonds

    Country:   United States of America

    See  


  • out of the money (OTM)

    Tags:  options valuation and pricing

    A call is out-of- the-money when the strike price is above the underlying asset price. A put is out-of-the-money when the strike price is below the underlying futures price.

     


  • over-the-counter (OTC)

    Tags:  market transactions typology

    A financial transaction is qualified as over-the-counter trade if its terms are negotiated directly between the counterparties, without the supervision of an exchange.

     


  • overbought

    Tags:  concept financial markets

    A term to describe a market in which the price has risen relatively quickly - too quickly to be justified by the underlying fundamental factors.

     


  • overcollateralisation

    Tags:  risk management securitisation

    Overcollateralisation is a form of credit enhancement in which a security is backed by collateral the face value of which is larger than that of the issued security.

     


  • overnight (O/N)

    Tags:  market transactions transaction settlement

    In finance, the term overnight is used to indicate a lending period which starts on the same day (t) and ends on the next business day (t+1).

     


  • Overnight Index Swap (OIS)

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    An Overnight Index Swap is an interest rate swap where a fixed rate is exchanged against an floating rate which is an overnight reference rate like the EONIA for the euro or the SONIA for the British pound.

     


  • oversold

    Tags:  concept financial markets

    A description for a market in which prices have dropped faster than the underlying fundamental factors would suggest.

     


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