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Glossary of financial terms - Letter F

  • FAC

    Tags:  central banks organisations or institutions

    Country:   United States of America

    See  


  • fair price

    Tags:  financial instruments valuation and pricing

    See  


  • fair value

    Tags:  financial instruments valuation and pricing

    The theoretical price at which a financial product should trade such that there are no arbitrage opportunities (often in relation to futures or options contracts).

     


  • FAK

    Tags:  market orders order types

    See  


  • FAS

    Tags:  financial markets order types

    See  


  • FASB

    Tags:  accounting organisations for standardisation

    Country:   United States of America

    See  


  • FATF

    Tags:  organisations or institutions supervision and regulation

    See  


  • FCF

    Tags:  corporate finance financial analysis

    See  


  • FCIA

    Tags:  economy organisations or institutions

    Country:   United States of America

    See  


  • FCM

    Tags:  activities and occupations commodities

    Country:   United States of America

    See  


  • Federal Advisory Council (FAC)

    Tags:  central banks organisations or institutions

    The Federal Advisory Council is a body composed of representatives chosen by each of the twelve

    in the United States. Its role is to consult with, and advise, the Federal Reserve Board on all matters within the Board's jurisdiction.

     


  • Federal funds rate

    Tags:  indices interest rate markets

    The federal funds rate is the interest rate at which banks in the United States lend each other balances held at the Federal Reserve, called fed funds, generally overnight and without collateral. The fed funds rate is an important reference rate in the financial markets.

     


  • Federal Reserve Bank (FRB)

    Tags:  central banks organisations or institutions

    A Federal Reserve Bank is a regional bank of the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States.

     


  • Fed funds

    Tags:  indices interest rate markets

    See  


  • FGBL

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    Country:   Germany

    See  


  • FGBL

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    See  


  • FGBM

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    See  


  • FGBM

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    Country:   Germany

    See  


  • FGBS

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    Country:   Germany

    See  


  • FGBS

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    See  


  • FGBX

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    See  


  • FIFO

    Tags:  accounting valuation and pricing

    See  


  • fill-and-kill (FAK)

    Tags:  market orders order types

    See  


  • fill-and-store (FAS)

    Tags:  market orders order types

    A fill-and-store order is an order where the part of the order that was not immediately executed when received is stored in the order book until its reaches the end of its validity.

     


  • fill-or-kill (FOK)

    Tags:  market orders order types

    A fill-or-kill order is an order which must be executed immediately and completely, or it will be canceled. Partial fills are not accepted for this type of order.

     


  • Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)

    Tags:  accounting organisations for standardisation

    Country:   United States of America

    The Financial Accounting Standards Board is an independent entity whose primary purpose is to establish and improve generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.

     


  • Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

    Tags:  organisations or institutions supervision and regulation

    The Financial Action Task Force is an intergovernmental organisation whose mission is to develop policies to combat money laundering and terrorism financing.

     


  • financial analysis

    Tags:  finance (general) financial analysis

    Financial analysis is the process of selecting, evaluating, and interpreting financial data and other pertinent information in order to help evaluating the operating performance and financial situation of a business or company.

     


  • financial derivative

    Tags:  derivatives financial instruments

    A financial instrument whose value changes with movements in an underlying asset, index or interest rate.

     


  • Financial products Markup Language (FpML)

    Tags:  codes or standards information technology

    The Financial products Markup Language is an open source XML standard for the electronic dealing and processing of OTC derivatives.

     


  • Financial Reporting Executive Committee (FinREC)

    Tags:  accounting organisations for standardisation

    The FinREC is a technical organisation within the AICPA in the United States. It determines the AICPA's technical policies related to financial reporting standards.

     


  • Financial Services Authority (FSA)

    Tags:  organisations or institutions supervision and regulation

    The Financial Services Authority was a regulatory body for the financial services industry in the United Kingdom between 2001 and 2013.

     


  • First In, First Out (FIFO)

    Tags:  accounting valuation and pricing

    FIFO is a method used to calculate the value of an inventory of goods. It assumes that the goods are being sold in the same order in which they have been acquired.

     


  • first to default (FTD)

    Tags:  credit derivatives financial instruments

    First to default is a type of

    which will offer protection against the first entity to default.

     


  • fixed-coupon bond

    Tags:  bonds typology

    See  


  • fixed-rate bond

    Tags:  bonds typology

    Bond paying a fixed rate coupon during all of its life.

     


  • flex option

    Tags:  options typology

    An exchange-traded option that does not have the standard terms of listed options. The seller and the buyer can negotiate various terms, such as exercise style, strike price, expiration date, settlement type or others.

     


  • floater

    Tags:  interest rate instruments typology

    See  


  • floating-rate note (FRN)

    Tags:  interest rate instruments typology

    A floating-rate note is a bond which, instead of paying a fixed cash flow, make coupon payments which are linked to some short-term interest rate index that resets at a regular interval.

     


  • floor

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    An interest rate floor is composed of a series of interest rate options which pay out if rates fall below the floor level (strike).

     


  • floor broker

    Tags:  financial organisations market participants

    A person who executes orders on the trading floor of an exchange on behalf of other people.

     


  • floortion

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    An option on an interest rate

    .

     


  • floor trader

    Tags:  financial organisations market participants

    Exchange members present on the exchange floor who make trades on their own behalf.

     


  • FMI

    Tags:  financial system organisations or institutions

    See  


  • FMV

    Tags:  finance (general) valuation and pricing

    See  


  • FOF

    Tags:  asset management financial instruments

    See  


  • FOK

    Tags:  financial markets order types

    See  


  • following

    Tags:  financial instruments market conventions

    See  


  • FOP

    Tags:  financial markets transaction settlement

    See  


  • Foreign Credit Insurance Association (FCIA)

    Tags:  economy organisations or institutions

    Country:   United States of America

    The Foreign Credit Insurance Association is an association of insurance companies in the United States that offers insurance for US exporters against non-payment due to political or commercial risk.

     


  • foreign exchange

    Tags:  activities and occupations finance (general)

    A market for buying and selling currencies either spot or forward (deal done today for delivery at a forward date).

     


  • foreign exchange cross rate

    Tags:  foreign exchange instruments foreign exchange market

    Foreign exchange rate between two currencies which is not quoted directly on the markets, but derived from the exchange rates of each currency against a pivot currency, usually the US dollar.

     


  • foreign exchange market

    Tags:  financial markets typology

    The foreign exchange market is the place where market participants buy and sell currencies.

     


  • foreign exchange rate

    Tags:  foreign exchange instruments valuation and pricing

    A currency's foreign exchange rate is its price expressed in another currency.

     


  • foreign exchange risk

    Tags:  concept risk management

    Foreign exchange risk is the risk of a financial loss caused by a change in foreign exchange rates.

     


  • foreign exchange swap

    Tags:  financial instruments foreign exchange derivatives

    See  


  • forex swap

    Tags:  financial instruments foreign exchange derivatives

    See  


  • forward contract

    Tags:  derivatives typology

    A contract entered into by two parties who agree to the future purchase or sale at an agreed price of a specified asset. One of the parties to the forward contract assumes a long position and agrees to buy the asset, the other assumes a short position and agrees to sell the asset.

     


  • forward exchange rate

    Tags:  concept foreign exchange market

    The exchange rate between two currencies calculated today for the exchange to be effective at a future time. The forward rate is dependent on the interest rate differentials between the two currencies.

     


  • forward fx rate

    Tags:  concept foreign exchange market

    See  


  • forward interest rate

    Tags:  financial mathematics time value of money

    The rate of interest calculated today for a transaction in the future.

     


  • forward rate

    Tags:  concept finance (general)

    Term which can refer to either

    or .

     


  • Forward Rate Agreement (FRA)

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    An FRA is an agreement between two parties who seek to protect themselves against future movements in interest rates. By entering into an FRA, both parties lock in an interest rate on a specified principal amount for a stated period of time starting on a future settlement date.

     


  • FpML

    Tags:  information technology norms and standards

    See  


  • FRA

    Tags:  financial instruments interest rate derivatives

    See  


  • FRB

    Tags:  banking system central banks organisations or institutions

    Country:   United States of America

    See  


  • free cash flow (FCF)

    Tags:  corporate finance financial analysis metric

    Free cash flow is the cash a business generates after accounting for operating expenses and capital expenditures, such as buildings or equipment.

     


  • free float

    Tags:  corporate finance valuation and pricing

    The free float is the portion of a company's shares which can be exchanged on the market. It is calculated as the total number of outstanding shares minus the number of restricted shares. The latter are equity held by company management, investors with a controlling interest or the government who all presumedly hold the shares long-term.

     


  • free of payment (FOP)

    Tags:  market transactions transaction settlement

    Free of payment is a settlement method for a securities transaction in which the delivery or reception of the securities is not linked to a corresponding transfer of funds.

     


  • FRN

    Tags:  bonds typology

    See  


  • FSA

    Tags:  organisations or institutions supervision and regulation

    Country:   United Kingdom

    See  


  • FTD

    Tags:  credit derivatives financial instruments

    See  


  • FTSE 100

    Tags:  indices stock markets

    Financial Times Stock Exchange Index. The index of the ‘top’ 100 listed shares (by market capitalisation) in the UK.

     


  • fundamental analysis

    Tags:  finance (general) fundamental analysis

    The study of specific factors, such as economic, demographic, government policy, annual report and accounts, which influence supply and demand and, consequently, prices in the market place.

     


  • fund of funds (FOF)

    Tags:  asset management financial instruments

    A fund of funds is a mutual fund which invests in other mutual funds.

     


  • future

    Tags:  derivatives typology

    See  


  • future flow securitisation

    Tags:  concept securitisation

    The securitisation of future trade receivables. Common in emerging market securitisations.

     


  • Futures Commission Merchant (FCM)

    Tags:  activities and occupations commodities status

    Country:   United States of America

    A futures commission merchant is an individual or organisation in the United States that solicits and/or accepts orders to buy or sell futures contracts, options on futures, retail off-exchange forex contracts or swaps, and accepts money or other assets from customers to support such orders.

     


  • futures contract

    Tag:  derivatives

    A financial contract where the buyer commits to purchasing - and the seller to selling - a certain quantity of an underlying asset at a predetermined future date and price. Futures contracts are standardized and generally traded on organized markets. At expiry, the contract can provide for either physical delivery of the underlying asset or cash settlement.

     


  • future value

    Tags:  concept time value of money

    The value of a cash amount or that of a series of cash flows at a specific date in the future, after application of agreed upon interest calculations.

     


  • FV

    Tags:  financial mathematics time value of money

    See  


  • FX

    Tag:  foreign exchange market

    See  


  • FX forward

    Tags:  financial instruments foreign exchange derivatives

    An FX forward is an OTC contract to buy or sell a set amount of one currency against another at a predetermined exchange rate for settlement at a specified date in the future.

     


  • FX spot

    Tags:  financial instruments foreign exchange instruments

    An FX spot transaction is the purchase or sale of one currency against another, with delivery, for most currency pairs, two business days after the trade date.

     


  • FX swap

    Tags:  financial instruments foreign exchange derivatives

    A contractual agreement between two counterparties to exchange an amount of one currency against another at an agreed rate, and simultaneously to exchange the two currencies in the opposite direction at the fx swap's maturity, also at a predetermined rate.

     


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